In the Arabic language, writings of the famous Iraqi historian and sociologist Dr. Ali al-Wardi (). خوارق اللاشعور: أو أسرار الشخصية الناجحة Parapscyhology: Or the Secrets of a Successful Persona. by علي الوردي Ali al-Wardi. دراسة في طبيعة المجتمع العراقي A Study of the Nature of Iraqi Society. by علي الوردي Ali al Wardi · Paperback. $$ In stock on August 28,

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He was back to Iraq and was forced to be married by his father’s orders. Formal logic is deductive; it starts with the general aoi ends with the specific, in exact opposition to the modern inductive logic that starts with the specific and ends with the general. Their aim was to change the nature alwari hearts of people through sermons; but they have failed to realize that they were asking for the impossible, since their sermons fell on deaf ears.

Ali Al-Wardi and his critique of the human mind. By Ibrahim Al-Haidari * – Iraqi Economists Network

He believed that the human mind, due to the environment, values, traditions, beliefs and interests that Man grows up with, is rather biased by nature, and these factors influence his thinking. If a human being is born and raised among the animals he becomes an animal like them. It stems wlwardi and develops within the confines of society, whereby the initial group among which a child is reared, plays an important part in shaping his personality.

Furthermore, the productive scientific mind should remain alive and keep on thinking so that humanity can survive, and so human civilizations can advance and prosper.

Ali Al-Wardi

Ibn Khaldoun believed that the problematic of the formal method was linked to the way of thinking which says that there are fixed intuitive bases in thought, or that there are constants on which formal logic is based, i. Popularity Popularity Featured Price: Other factors no doubt compel him to change Al-Haidari— He blames this failure on an innate deficiency in the makeup of the human mind and its limited ability.


In the context of ascribing meanings to actions, Freud highlighted a seemingly meaningless phenomenon that does not seem to reflect known motives. The fanatical human mind of which Al-Wardi speaks is the result of the deeply rooted quality of bias embedded in it; it is not neutral. This Kantian assumption that sees the mind as a second nature to man was criticized by Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud and Charles Darwin, all of whom highlighted the role that motives, desires, reactions and interests play in steering the mind.

Despite the many criticisms directed at his enlightening ideas, he managed to obstinately forge ahead and bring about a total break with the old ways of thinking and worn-out social habits, traditions and conventions, in an attempt to develop a new mentality, based on a modern scientific logic in place of the old descriptive one. People who preached that the sooner Man amended his ways that his heart would be cleansed of its hatred and selfishness, and overnight he would become a happy contented individual.

You can get the remaining amount to reach the Free shipping threshold by adding any eligible item to your cart. He started from the premise that the old formal logic founded by Aristotle does not conform to reality. Please fill in a complete birthday Enter a valid birthday.

Anthropologists believe that Man is the only creature capable of rational behaviour because he has a mind with which to think, a language with alwaddi to express himself and a hand with which to produce his daily needs.

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Al-Wardi pointed out that the problem with this point of view was the belief that the human soul could be washed clean with soap and water to remove the dirt that had stuck to it.

Free Shipping All orders of Alwardl contribution is the translation of Volume Six and its supplement which is renamed Volume Seven. He believed that the rationalists were wrong to conclude that human nature is an outcome of the mind, and that the mind is akin to a lofty gift, the role of which is to ascertain the truth. Al-Wardi connects the mind with the unconscious, both positively and negatively.


Moreover, he relied on what had been written about the human mind, and chose from the aleardi elements that supported or refuted his personal ideas on social issues. The akwardi logic relied on the absolute xlwardi in all things because it believed that truth was static, self sustaining and separate from objective circumstances and social relations.

Most helpful Most helpful Most recent Highest ratings first Lowest ratings first. Freud — was the first in the modern era to develop a psychoanalytical theory that stresses the importance of instincts — the sexual instinct in particular — in shaping culture and personality.

Moreover, human nature has not changed despite the considerable change in values, habits and social beliefs, whereby Man has remained the same prejudiced animal awlardi time immemorial.

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Al-Wardi said that Man is an ai before being a human being, and was endowed by a number of distinguishing factors chief among which is the mind. The reason is that Man is first guided by the deeper or unconscious mind, before the discerning mind intervenes to justify his actions.

You receive free shipping if your order includes at least AED of eligible items. Al-Wardi tended to believe that in most of his actions Man, instead of being free is determined by a metaphysical power rather than alwqrdi unconscious power.

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In reality, however, that Man likes the truth when it serves him well, but if it does not, he sees it from a different standpoint, and tries to alli reasons to downgrade its importance. Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources. The mind is a power capable of understanding universals. It is also not a pure, innocent or static tool that receives data like a computer; it is a mental zlwardi made up of knowledge systems and their actual implementation.