ChildhoodThe son of outstanding Silver Age poets Anna Akhmatova and Nikolay Gumilev Lev was born in Tsarskoe Selo, near St Petersburg. Lev Gumilev, Ethnogenesis and Eurasianism. ALEXANDER SERGEEVICH TITOV. University College London. School of Slavonic and Eastern European. Putin’s passing mention of the late Russian historian Lev Gumilev and this odd word passionarnost meant little to the uninitiated; but to those.

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He would eventually rise to become chairman of the central committee and then chairman of the Supreme Soviet. The Enlightenment, in the form of advanced European social theories, had brought Russia to genocide and ruin, while there was a harmony in the wildness of the Huns, the Turks, the Mongols.

And these ideas would make themselves clearer 15 months later, in Marchwhen Russian soldiers quietly seized airports and transport choke points across Crimeastarting a domino effect that would lead to war in eastern Ukraine. US Show more US links. For decades, he never tired of telling people about his breakthrough, the biological impulse that drives men to irrational deeds. Those periods when Russia has been said to conflict with the steppe peoples, Gumilyov reinterpreted as the periods of consolidation of Russian power with that of steppe in order to oppose destructive influences from Catholic Europe, that posed a potential threat to integrity of the Russian ethnic group.

Gumilev was released in after Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev started his gumiilev de-Stalinization campaign. According to Gumilev, the medieval Jews also did not bear arms themselves, but waged wars by yumilev or mercenaries. He remained there untilwhen the period of de-Stalinisation began.

Akhmatova knew that any transgressions by her would rebound on her son, and so his very existence shackled her artistic freedom: Gumilev heavily drew on the works of the Euranism theory, according to which, the Russian civilization is not a truly European entity but rather a Eurasian geopolitical and cultural phenomenon.

Ethnogenesis and the Biosphere

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Among real communists, the ones who knew Marxism at first hand, Lev Gumilev did not have enemies. They divorced when Lev was 7 years old, and his father was executed because of his anti- bolshevik sympathies when Lev was just 9. Lev Gumilev at the party in a vocational school. Not surprisingly, Gumilev’s teachings have enjoyed immense popularity in Central Asian countries. It was a word with allusions to the New Testament and the crucifixion, that had been dreamt up by Gumilev during his 14 years in Siberian prison camps.


The passionate boom that starts the genesis of Russian super-ethnos, is based, according to Gumilev, in the middle of the 13th century. Listen to this article Play audio for this article Pause In the course of time, according to the theory, the Mongol Empire experienced a sort of decay, and the Mongols finally handed the imperial torch to the Russians.

Like many of his fellow prisoners, he later became possessed by an odd patriotism — an inexplicable loyalty to the homeland and even the regime that had stolen his health, his years and his friends.

Although the official Soviet authorities rejected his ideas and banned most of his monographs from publication, Gumilyov came to attract much publicity, especially in the Perestroika years of Rise, developmentclimax, inertial, convolution, and memorial. Journalists hope Putin will say something threatening or off-colour he frequently doesand this will become a Twitter hashtag within seconds.

Due to her literary status, he set them free.

He was released from the GULAG and volunteered for the Red Army inand thus participated in the capture of Berlin, serving in anti-aircraft artillery. October 1, — June 15, When Lev was just nine-years-old inNikolai was arrested for his alleged involvement in a monarchist conspiracy and executed by the authorities. In the context of this view, the Russian empire was nothing but an Orthodox-Mongol empire of a sort.

Lev Gumilyov – Wikipedia

This was her paradox: That the peoples of the Eurasian steppe, including the Russians, but also the Turkic-speaking nomadic peoples of Central Asia, constitute a “super-ethnos” a notion comparable to the “civilizations” that many authors have used to describe like minded groups of nations or cultures—such as Samuel P. As late as the Russian geographer V. According to this idea, when the steppe areas shrank drastically, the nomads of Gummilev Asia began moving to the fertile pastures of Europe or China.


After the war, he completed a history diploma and focused his PhD on the ancient Turks. So there was a collectivism — a special relationship. In that sense, the socio-economic and political crisis experienced by post-soviet Russia is totally predictable. Gumilev argued that every ethnic group in history passed through the same stages from birth to climax, before slowing down to inertia.

It was a type of Stockholm syndrome that produced tumilev singularly odd scholarship. Observing inmates forced to behave like beasts in order to survive had taught him that the virtues of society, friendship and brotherhood were not a mark of human advancement but an instinctual urge, gumllev to all humans at all times, to distinguish us from them.

All contacts on the superethnic level yielded negative results. This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3. Corporate profile Job opportunities Press releases. The passionarity of the Arabic world, on the other hand, is still high. Unsurprisingly, Gumilyov’s teachings have enjoyed immense popularity in Central Asian countries. He found a chilly reception in the Punin household, but that gumilec out to be only the beginning of his troubles.

It is something of a paradox that the vision for a new union has been supplied by someone who suffered so much at the hands of the old one. Cookies on FT Sites We use cookies for a number of reasons, such as keeping FT Sites reliable and secure, personalising content and ads, providing social media features and to analyse how our Sites are used. Although his ideas were rejected by gmilev official Soviet doctrine and most of his monographs banned from publication, Gumilev came to attract much publicity, especially in the period of Perestroika during the Gorbachev era.

The word passionarnost is resistant to easy translation passionarity?